Program a PSD into valid XHTML/CSS

Convert a PSD into valid XHTML and CSS by following this excellent tutorial. Learn how to create the PSD here Modern Website Design in Photoshop

Click Here to see the Tutorial

 

Sony Ericsson Logo in Photoshop

Sony Ericsson has a pretty cool logo, learn how to design in Photoshop

Click Here to see the Tutorial

 

CSS Image Transarency

Use CSS for image Transparency effects

Click Here to see the Tutorial

 

Facebook style CSS Hover effect

Learn how the facebook team may have done the naming hover effect, very cool!

Click Here to see the Tutorial

 

CSS Dropshadow

Objectives

You will learn some basic CSS principles and in the end create an easy and efficient way to add dropshadows to every image you add into your website.

  • Basic CSS usage
  • Create a dropshadow image in Photoshop

Difficulty: Advanced

Final Result

Alright so here is the idea, say you wanted to have an easy way to insert an image and make that image have a dropshadow. The image you see above was inserted with the following simple code:

<div id=”dropshadow”><img src=”head.gif”></div>

Pretty easy, eh?

So to begin, open up your favorite image editor and create a transparent .gif dropshadow image (I use Photoshop throughout this tutorial).

In Photoshop first create a new image 80x80px with a transparent background. Then fill the top left corner with white

Apply the following settings:

And save the image for web (hotkey: ctrl+alt+shift+s) and

Tip:

If you don’t want to create the image yourself you can right click on the image below and choose ‘save image as’ then you can use that image to make 75×75 pixel images have dropshadows

save the image as a transparent gif, I saved it as ‘dropshadow.gif’

Now you need to get an image that is 75×75 pixels, I used the following image from Halo

Now for the part you’ve all been waiting for, the CSS. The following is the code for the id ‘Dropshadow’

#dropshadow{

background: url(‘dropshadow.gif’);

width: 80px;

height: 80px;

}

Insert that CSS in an external Stylesheet or in your inpage stylesheet

Next your going to need to insert the HTML from above

<div id=”dropshadow”><img src=”head.gif”></div>

To come out with:

I hope you enjoyed the Tutorial, post any questions you have in the Forums

 

CSS Web Header Beginner Tutorial

One of many css tutorials for beginners

Welcome to the CSS Header Tutorial! Today we are going to be building a scalable cross platform header which will validate strict XHTML on W3C. Our finished design will look like this:

This CSS Web Header Tutorial is an excellent supplement to all of our photoshop tutorials.

Note: This Tutorial assumes you have a basic knowledge of HTML/CSS editing

Click image to preview CSS Header

Step 1: Your going to need to download all of the images that I use here:

Download CSS Header Files
(size 14.1KB files: index.html, headtop.png, logo.png)

Make sure you save all the files in the same directory!

Step 2: Your going to need to open a text editor (like Notepad Start – Run – Type Notepad) to edit your HTML and CSS create a file named index.html Tip: I personally use VIM as an editor.

Step 3: First of all we need to create the HTML of our website and assign all the various areas different ID’s

index.html

————————————

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC “-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN”

“http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd”>
<html xmlns=”http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml” lang=”en”
xml:lang=”en”>
<head>

<title>CSS Header</title>
</head>
<body>
<div id=”wrapper”>

<div id=”header”>

<div id=”logo”>

<img src=”logo.png” />

</div>

<div
id=”mainMenu”>

<a href=”link”>Home</a> |
<a href=”link”>Download</a> | <a
href=”link”>More Links</a>

</div>

</div>
</div>

</body>

</html>

Lets break that down:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC “-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN”

“http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd”>
<html xmlns=”http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml” lang=”en”
xml:lang=”en”>

That bit of code declares your website as an XHTML website, which helps be more cross browser compatible (e.g. Internet Exploer/Firefox)

The rest of the code assigns the areas of your page to different ID’s so you can style them in CSS e.g.

<div id=”wrapper”>

Right now your website wont look like much so you will need to use CSS to design it

Open a new document and save it as style.css in the same directory as index.html

Let’s look at the coding for style.css

style.css

———————————-

body{

margin: 0;

padding: 0;

font-family: Verdana;

}

a{

text-decoration: none;

color: #FFFFFF;

font-weight: bold;

}

#wrapper{

width: 100%;

background-image: url(‘headTop.png’);

background-repeat: repeat-x;

}

#header{

width: 80%;

height: 194px;

margin-left: auto;

margin-right: auto;

position: relative;
}

#logo{

float: left;

margin: 80px 0 0 0;

}

#mainMenu{

float:right;

margin: 160px 0 0 0;

color: #FFFFFF;

font-size: 11px;

}

Alright so we will look at it from the top, we first change the body attribute to have no margins or padding this allows the website to be Flush with the window, we also change the Font to Verdana

Next we change the appearance of the links (the a attribute) set it text-decoration to none (no underline) color to #FFFFFF (white) and it’s weight to bold

Now the wrapper is quite interesting. we set the width to 100% of the entire page, set the background image to ‘headTop.png’ and the background-repeat to repeat-x. what that does is makes the background only repeat on the x (horizontal) axis so that it doesn’t spread across the entire page, it only spreads on top. Thats a pretty nifty attribute

Hopefully you are noticing how the #idName controls the id that’s in the HTML e.g. #wrapper controls the div that was given the id of wrapper

The next id we change is the header Which is where the logo and the links are. The width is set to 80% of the page height to 194 pixels (the height of the background image) notice the margin-left and margin-right are set to auto, this is what causes them to center.

Now for the Logo it is set to float: left, this allows it to align to the left of the div without ‘pushing’ things down. I used CSS Shorthand on the margins like this margin: 80px 0 0 0, what does that mean? Well it’s like this margin: top margin#, right margin#, bottom margin#, left margin#. So essentially I only set the Top Margin to 80 pixels which pushes the logo down 80 pixels.

For the Main Menu you do essentially the same thing as the Logo except float it to the right and push it down a bit more pixels.

Don’t forget to link the HTML file to the CSS file like so

<link rel=”stylesheet” href=”style.css” type=”text/css” />

Goes into

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC “-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN”

“http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd”>
<html xmlns=”http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml” lang=”en”
xml:lang=”en”>
<head>

<link rel=”stylesheet” href=”style.css”
type=”text/css” />

<title>CSS Header</title>
</head>
<body>

My advice is to use this tutorial and then mess around with the settings until you figure out what they all do in CSS

Please Contact Us with any questions or comments

Thanks for reading

 

Beginner CSS/HTML tutorial

Intro to CSS/HTML

This tutorial is aimed at a few different people.

  • Those who want to learn more programming/scripting.
  • Those who are tired of trying to read messy HTML files.
  • Those who have procrastinated staying with the times.
  • Those who just don’t anything.
  • And finally, those who just want to make their site look good!

Reguardless of why you are reading this you are already well on your
way to having a good looking site.

HTML

So you want to make a web site huh? Fine. See if we can learn you a
thing or two.

I’m not aiming for any kind of website in particular, I’m just going
to give you the steps on how to create the basic parts that you will
need to create your own website. This means you’ll have to do some
coding. We are going to use a language called HTML (Hyper-Text Markup
Lanuage). HTML is very easy to use, and so I’m not going to give you a
discourse on it. We’re diving right in.

First we’re going to need a place to write our code for our website. For
this tutorial we’ll use Notepad. Any text editor will do though.
If you don’t know what that is don’t worry. I’ll get you there.

  • Click on Start
  • Click on All programs
  • Click on Accessories
  • Click on Notepad

Once you have your Text editor open put this code into it. Don’t
worry, I’ll explain everything.

<br /> <html><br /> <head><br /> <title></title><br /> </head><br /> <body><br /> </body><br /> </html><br />
This is as simple as it get in having a skeleton to work with. These
are the most common HTML tags and in virtually every web page. At any
time you can save your work and view it in a web browser.

  • Click on “File”.
  • Click on “Save As”.
  • Type whatever you want the name to be and put “.html” at the end of it.
  • Then click the drop down arrow on “Save as type” and change it to “All Files”.
  • Save the file wherever you want.
  • Double click on the file after saving it and it will bring it up in the browser.
  • Now all you have to do is go to “File” and click “Save” every time you update your code.
  • As you go through this tutorial or as you code, save often.
  • The
    first tag is the “html” tag. This tag tells the browser “Hey I’m coding
    in HTML here!”. The “head” tag is where we can tell the browser as well
    as the server a lot of things. The only thing we’ll concern ourselves
    with though is the “title” tag. The “title” tag goes in side the “head”
    tags. Whatever you put inside those “title” tags will be the title of
    the Web page. For example. Look at the top of your window or tab. It
    says “Beginning CSS/HTML”. I did it because I have this code in my
    page

    <br /> <head></p> <p> </head><br />

    Cool huh? Now we come to the “body” tags. This is where we get to the
    meat of this business. The “body” tags are basically where everything else
    goes (pictures, links, etc.).

    Now take note for every tag I make,
    I have a closing tag to go with it designated by the “/” in the tag.
    These are a requirement. If you don’t agree then you just got an “F”
    and I’m not telling you anymore.

    Now I’m going to give you some stuff to put inside those “body” tags
    of yours to give a little bit of substance to your page. We’re going
    to start with a the paragraph tags. The paragraph tags are in the form
    of

    <p>This is a really boring paragraph</p> <p> See? No sweat.
    “P” for paragraph. There’s nothing to it. Just put that code inside
    your “body” tags and your good to go. You got some substance. Don’t
    worry though, we got more for you. And just like in writing your
    school paper you can make new paragraphs as much as you would like
    <br /> <body></p> <p>This is a really boring paragraph</p> <p>As is this one</p> <p> </body><br />

    Check that out. The browser even knew to skip some space and start a
    new paragraph for us.

    I know that’s not overly exciting so how about a link? For links we
    use what are called the “anchor” tags. The “anchor” tags are done like
    this

    <a href="http://www.google.com">A boring link</a>
    The “a” stands for “anchor”. Notice we got something new. Inside the
    first anchor tag we have the “href=…”. This is an attribute that is
    assigned a value. The “href attribute” tells the browser where to go
    when the link is clicked on. So “a” creates the link or “anchor” and
    the attribute tells it “where”.

    Now as studly as that was, we’re going to throw an image into our
    web page as well. And a break and a list and a table, and I think
    that’ll give us a nice page.

    <br /> <body><br /> ..<br /> <img src="http://psdesignzone.com/images/beginnerCSS/mypic.jpg" /><br /> </p> <ul> <li>This is a lame list</li> <li>This is a lame list</li> <li>This is a lame list</li> </ul> <table> <th> <td>What a cool table</td> </th> <tr> <td>I want to cry</td> <td>Me to</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Stop crying</td> <td>We&#8217;re about to learn cool stuff!</td> </tr> </table> <p> </body><br />

    If you look at it carefully you can almost read it as if it was
    english. For an image you have the “img” tag with the source (“src”),
    attribute to tell where the image is. We have a break in the page for
    some white space “br”. There’s the “unordered list” (“ul”) tag. Which
    basically means you have a list with no order (bullets). I’ll let you
    try and guess how to do an orderded list. Then we have the “table” tag.
    If you have used Excel before then you know what a table is. It’s
    simply a grid to make things look nice and organized. You first declare
    your rows (“tr”) and then at you do you header (“th”). Then when you
    go to your next row you insert your data (“td”).

    Make sure you close off all your tags. Some of them like the image and
    break tags don’t have anything out side the initial declaration so they
    are closed by having the “/” at the end of the statement right before
    the closing bracket.

    How’s that? You made a web page. Now lets make it look a bit nicer.

    CSS

    Probably the first thing you need to learn is when you make your HTML
    file. Don’t do anything extra. Don’t do something along the lines of

    <body background='blah blah'> Nope we don’t do that. Leave that
    alone. Just don’t touch it <body> That’s all you need. You don’t want to try
    and make your site look good in the HTML file. In fact you want your
    HTML file by itself to look like you just started learning. White
    background, no font color, no centering anything. Just leave that all
    alone. I promise you won’t regret it.

    That is what your HTML should look like. Don’t try and spice it in
    any way.

    Enter CSS!

    I’m going to insert one line into that HTML file between the “head”
    tags

    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="css/mycss.css" />

    And we go from this

    to this

    CSS Is the design/style for your website and HTML is the content. Seperating
    your content and style gives your code a lot more readability preventing
    confusion and making it far easier for someone else you work with to
    modify your code if needed. How is this done you ask well I will show
    you the css code and explain each part. Take note in the line we
    inserted into the head tag

    <link rel="... at the end of it
    we have href=&#8221;css/mycss.css&#8221; /> This is telling where the
    css file is. Now lets take a look at the file. Don’t worry this one
    is short.

    <br /> /* CSS Document */<br /> body{<br /> background-color: #000000;<br /> font-family: Verdana;<br /> font-size: 11px;<br /> color: white;<br /> }<br />
    If you put the tags /* and */ up then anything between them is just
    a comment. When you code, comment often so you remember what you are
    doing and others will be able to see what you are doing also.

    The actual code starts off with “body”. This is telling the browser
    that we we’re going to add some style to everything inside the body
    tags. In CSS “body” is what would be called a Selector becuase it is
    what we are selecting to modify. Then we proceed to insert properties
    and their values with which we are going to make our site look good.
    The properties and what they do are self explanatory because you
    probably recognize it from trying to do that in your HTML code from
    before.

    Learning CSS will save you a lot time, coding, space, headaches,
    disease, plauges, and even from Armegeddon (almost anyway). CSS is a must
    go ahead and continue with more tutorials. This one has served to be an
    introduction to what CSS is and can do.